The Harlem Renaissance (1917-1935) was a huge turning point in African American culture. There was an explosion of art, music and literature in this New York City neighborhood. Creative African Americans came from all over to participate in the environment of free expression and to assert their political views and exercise their civil rights.
Billie Holiday, Fats Waller, Duke Ellington, Jelly Roll Morton
There are many wonderful African American poets.
Langston Hughes, Maya Angelou and Nikki Giovanni. Rapper Tupac Shakur wrote poetry as well!
Phyllis Wheatley…one of America’s first published poets, freed slave, and a woman!”
Many of the things we use in everyday life were invented by African Americans. There are so many to choose from!
George Washington Carver created peanut butter.
Garret Morgan invented the stop light and the gas mask.
Lonnie G. Johnson invented the Super Soaker water gun.
Black History Month: The celebration of Black History Month began as “Negro History Week,” which was created in 1926 by Carter G. Woodson, a noted African American historian, scholar, educator, and publisher. It became a month-long celebration in 1976. The month of February was chosen to coincide with the birthdays of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln.
NAACP: On February 12, 2009, the NAACP marked its 100th anniversary. Spurred by growing racial violence in the early twentieth century, and particularly by 1908 race riots in Springfield, Illinois, a group of African-American leaders joined together to form a new permanent civil rights organization, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). February 12, 1909, was chosen because it was the centennial anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln.
Heavyweight Champ: Jack Johnson became the first African-American man to hold the World Heavyweight Champion boxing title in 1908. He held onto the belt until 1915.
First Lawyer: John Mercer Langston was the first black man to become a lawyer when he passed the bar in Ohio in 1854. When he was elected to the post of Town Clerk for Brownhelm, Ohio, in 1855 Langston became one of the first African Americans ever elected to public office in America. John Mercer Langston was also the great-uncle of Langston Hughes, famed poet of the Harlem Renaissance.
Supreme Court Justice: Thurgood Marshall was the first African American ever appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. He was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, and served on the court from 1967 to 1991.
Eminent Scientist: George Washington Carver developed 300 derivative products from peanuts among them cheese, milk, coffee, flour, ink, dyes, plastics, wood stains, soap, linoleum, medicinal oils and cosmetics.
First Senator: Hiram Rhodes Revels was the first African American ever elected to the U.S. Senate. He represented the state of Mississippi from February 1870 to March 1871.
First Woman Representative: Shirley Chisholm was the first African American woman elected to the House of Representatives. She was elected in 1968 and represented the state of New York. She broke ground again four years later in 1972 when she was the first major party African-American candidate and the first female candidate for president of the United States.
Self-Made Millionaire: Madam C.J. Walker was born on a cotton plantation in Louisiana and became wealthy after inventing a line of African-American hair care products. She established Madame C.J. Walker Laboratories and was also known for her philanthropy.
Population Growth: The black population of the United States in 1870 was 4.8 million; in 2007, the number of black residents of the United States, including those of more than one race, was 40.7 million.
Oscar Winner: In 1940, Hattie McDaniel was the first African-American performer to win an Academy Award—the film industry’s highest honor—for her portrayal of a loyal slave governess in Gone With the Wind.
Into Space: In 1992, Dr. Mae Jemison became the first African American woman to go into space aboard the space shuttle Endeavor. During her eight-day mission, she worked with U.S. and Japanese researchers, and was a co-investigator on a bone cell experiment.
White House: In 2009, Barack Obama became the first African-American president in U.S. history. He occupied the White House for two consecutive terms, serving from 2009 to 2017.
February is Black History Month at LMS we will honor Black History by spotlighting a new HBCU (Historically Black College and University) every day of the month.
Let’s start with Howard University.
Howard University is a historically black college in the heart of Washington Dc. Notable alumni of Howard University include former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Toni Morrison and Emmy Award-winning actress Phylicia Rashad. Howard University's mission is unique. It is a culturally diverse, comprehensive, research intensive and historically Black private university providing an educational experience unmatched.
Tuskegee University is a historically black university located in the city of Tuskegee, Alabama. Students admitted to the university have the opportunity to join more than 100 groups and organizations as well as a very popular Greek life on campus. The university was the first to create a nursing baccalaureate program in the state of Alabama. The campus of Tuskegee is the only historically black college or university campus in the nation to be designated a National Historic Site. Notable alumni of the university include syndicated radio host Tom Joyner and singer Lionel Richie.
Hampton University is a historically black institution near the Chesapeake Bay on the eastern edge of Virginia. 2017 Rankings
Hampton University is ranked #18 in Regional Universities South. Students at Hampton University say that Hampton is a school of rich tradition, family values, and excellent education
Notable Hampton University alumni include Alberta Williams King, mother of Martin Luther King Jr.; Booker T. Washington, influential African-American educator and founder of Tuskegee University; and Wanda Sykes, Emmy Award-winning comedian.
The mission of Morehouse College is to develop men with disciplined minds who will lead lives of leadership and service. A private historically black liberal arts college for men, Morehouse is located in Atlanta, Georgia.
Spellman College is considered the sister college to Morehouse. The two campus stand opposite each over. Spelman is a private, all women’s, historically black liberal arts university. Spelman College is consistently ranked number one as the best HBCU in the country. It is also nationally ranked in the top 50 liberal arts colleges. It is known for being the second-biggest producer of African-American medical students in the country.
Florida A & M
FAMU was founded in 1887, and began classes with 15 students and two instructors. The university enrolls nearly 10,000 students from more than 70 countries, including several African and Caribbean nations. FAMU is the largest among historically black colleges and universities in the state of Florida.
Morgan State University
is currently the largest HBCU in the state of Maryland. The university enrolls roughly 7,700 students, 35% of whom hail from out of state.
The university is home to the Morgan Mile, an initiative designed to boost community outreach through public health and safety, youth education and development, entrepreneurship and economic development.
Mrs. O’Connor attended MSU ask her about the HBCU experience.
North Carolina A&T
Home of the Aggies. Attending an HBCU like
North Carolina A&T can change your life! Bring your talent, intelligence and hard work and they’ll provide the resources to take your career, your community and your character to the next level.
N.C. A&T graduates more African-American engineers and accountants than any of the historically black colleges and universities in America. The majority of their engineering students have a job before they graduate.
Xavier University of Louisiana is a private institution that was founded in 1915. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 2,366, its setting is urban, and the campus size is 29 acres. It utilizes a semester-based academic calendar. Xavier University of Louisiana's ranking in the 2017 edition of Best Colleges is Regional Universities South, 27. Its tuition and fees are $23,046 (2016-17). Xavier University of Louisiana is Catholic and historically Black. The ultimate purpose of the University is the promotion of a more just and humane society. To this end, Xavier prepares its students to assume roles of leadership and service in society.